ALSO KNOWNS AS A COLLARED PECCARY
- Habitat: Desert washes, saguaro and Palo Verde forests, oak woodlands and grasslands with mixed shrubs and cacti
- Status: Least concern
- Population Trend: Stable
- Diet: Herbivores who eat a wide variety of native plants such as agave, mesquite beans, prickly pear, as well as roots, tubers, and other green vegetation. However, if the opportunity presents itself, they will also eat lizards, dead birds, and rodents
- Weight: 35 - 55 lbs.
- Size: 2' tall; 3' - 4' long
- Lifespan: 10 years in the wild; up to 20 years in human care
- Wild population in Arizona: ~100,000
- In the Southwest Wildlife Sanctuary: 4
- Interesting Facts:
- “You can smell them before you see them.” Javelina have a scent gland on top of their rump. They will rub their scent on rocks and tree stumps to mark their territory, as well as each other to help identify family members.
- Javelina hair is modified to be very coarse and thick. This modification helps them move in the pokey spines of a cactus as they forage for prickly pears.
- Javelina are more closely related to Hippos and Camels as they are to Pigs.